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Most of popular misconception about diabetes

November 21, 2011

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by elevated blood sugar because of the disruption in the body to process carbohydrates as correct. On top of the time the leading cause of blindness and kidney failure, diabetes can cause nerve damage and impaired circulation, which put people at greater risk for heart disease and stroke. Despite the huge diabetes place a burden on society, many people harbor some misconceptions about the disease.

Misconception number 1: Diabetes is a disease that children get, so if you do not get it then you should not worry about it.
Misconception number 2: Diabetes is a disease of the elderly and middle-aged people should not worry about it.
Misconception number 3: If the older people get diabetes, it is soft, so you do not pay much attention.

Dilemma

There are several types of diabetes, but for the sake of this article, we’ll talk about type 1 and type 2. Both forms of presentation include increased blood sugar levels and abnormal fat and protein.

Type 1 diabetes accounts for only 5% to 10% of patients with diabetes and occur most often among young people (once known as juvenile diabetes).

Type 2 diabetes, formerly called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult-onset diabetes, is responsible for the tears of 90% to 95% of all cases diagnosed in adults. Although Type 2 usually appears after 45 years, half of all people with the disease develop it in the age of 60 years.

Background:

After a meal of carbohydrates (sugar) in the blood, even if you have not actually eaten sugar. As a result, your pancreas secretes insulin, the hormone that escorts sugar into cells of the hungry, or burn it for energy or store it for later use. Insulin can facilitate the transport of sugar to any number of places, from your liver and muscles to other cells of the body, including fat cells.

In type 1 diabetes, autoimmunity destroys the beta cells of the pancreas, only cells in the body, which can produce the hormone insulin that regulates blood glucose (sugar). People with this type of diabetes needs insulin injection to survive without insulin injections, death may occur in the mat days.

Insulin resistance is a major feature of type 2 diabetes, a disease in which cells do not use insulin properly leads to a gradual loss of the ability of the pancreas produce more insulin in response to high demand. Type 2 diabetes is associated with many risk factors, including aging, obesity, positive family history of diabetes, history of gestational diabetes, impaired glucose metabolism, physical inactivity and race ethnicity. Because type 2 diabetes may not need insulin injections, many people mistakenly believe that the illness is not serious.

Because type 1 diabetes lack insulin completely started, as a rule, sharp with visible symptoms such as extreme thirst, frequent urination, blurred vision, or unexplained weight loss. In type 2, the symptoms take longer to show because the glucose level to rise slowly with the patient has some insulin in their systems. As a result, half of people suffering from Type 2 diabetes do not know about it until complications begin to appear and, consequently, they remain untreated for a long time puts them at higher risk of complications greater.

Testing Guidelines

American Diabetes Association recommends that all Americans 45 and older should be screened for diabetes at least once every three years. Testing should be considered at a younger age or carried out more frequently in individuals with a BMI ≥ 25 and those with one or more other risk factors.

Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test is the best screening test for diabetes, because it’s easier, faster to perform, more convenient and acceptable to patients, and cheaper. It also requires an overnight fast, but the patient should drink a sweet liquid or wait for two hours, as the old oral glucose-tolerance test (OGTT).

FPG ≥ 126 mg / dL is an indication for retesting, which should be repeated on another day to confirm the diagnosis. If the FPG is <126 mg / dl, and there is a high suspicion of diabetes, the OGTT should be performed. 2 h after the load values ​​in the OGTT ≥ 200 mg / dL, a positive test for diabetes and should be confirmed on an alternate day). Fasting is defined as no consumption of food or drink except water for at least 8 hours before testing.

Non-diabetic men with FPG ≥ 100 mg / dL, but less than 126 mg / dL are considered IFG (impaired fasting glucose), and those with 2-values ​​in the OGTT ≥ 140 mg / dL but less than 200 mg / dL are defined as with IGT (impaired glucose tolerance). Patients with IFG and / or IGT are now referred to as a “pre-diabetes,” indicates a relatively high risk of developing diabetes in these patients. Normal blood glucose levels are defined as plasma glucose less than 100 mg / dL for FPG test or 2-post load value is less than 140 mg / dL for OGTT.

If necessary, testing of plasma glucose can be performed on individuals who have taken food or drink shortly before testing. These tests are called random plasma glucose or random measurements and do not include the last meal. Random blood glucose in the blood plasma of greater than or equal 200 mg / dL with symptoms of diabetes is considered to be diagnostic of diabetes. This measurement should be repeated and the second test to confirm the FPG or OGTT completed in another day if the patient’s clinical condition permits.

Getting the best treatment

Changes in lifestyle, including diet and exercise, and new drugs are the basis for the approach to the fight against type 2 diabetes and related issues, such as hypertension, high triglycerides, low HDL (good cholesterol) and other targets in the treatment of diabetes, to eliminate symptoms and prevent, or at least slow, the development of complications.

When caught early, type 2 diabetes often can be controlled with diet and exercise alone. With eighty percent of patients are overweight, get rid of a few pounds can have a tremendous positive impact on blood sugar, metabolic state, blood pressure and cholesterol levels. In contrast to type 1 diabetics, who must carefully monitor the balance of carbohydrates and other foods at each meal, patients with Type 2 can perform well only by reducing calories. The best way is to cut down on saturated fat and increase consumption of grains, fruits and vegetables.

Exercise reduces insulin the body needs, increasing the sensitivity of cells to insulin. To begin a 20-minute walk every evening, with the stairs instead of the elevator at work or purchase is recommended. When exercise and diet alone are not enough to control diabetes, it is time for drug therapy. There are currently various medications that can help with type 2 diabetes.

Caution: Patients with diabetes should be cautious in making sudden changes in lifestyle, including diet, exercise and medication. The main goal is to avoid dangerous and critical reduction in blood sugar (hypoglycemia) due to excessive exercise session, starvation or a high dose. Thus, to work closely with your doctor to ensure safe and good control of blood sugar.

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From → About Diabetes

3 Comments
  1. Fany permalink

    Hi! Thanks for the great post.

  2. Hung Murrain permalink

    Great post!

  3. Strong Jane permalink

    , excuse me if this is a bit off the subject, but… This makes any

    person furious: Diets actually lead you to gain weight in the long run and that has become more and more evident in the excessive weight epidemic that’s

    hurting this kind of processed food, nominal activity era. Are you aware that stadium seating really need to be increased to support the increase in peoples growing, ahem…girth? This indicates that we are being

    a larger place (and never in an exceedingly good way) individuals than all of us have ever have before and that

    is previously 2 full decades only. Our young ones experience overweight related

    conditions as an example all forms of

    diabetes and also heart

    problems.

    I just read that during a research project 70 overweight Western youngsters in the age range of six to 19 were actually exposed to many battery of checks to observe

    the effect that the eating habits filled with fats had on their youthful bodies. The final results ended up being eye opening. All suffered from

    high cholesterol levels and also were within the high-risk group of acquiring heart disease and coronary heart failure which a few subjects are already showing indication of.

    Will there ever be any kind of a cure for any of us? I believe your answer should be you bet. Apparently

    virtually all we end up needing is definitely some exercise and diet. We all need to begin get started Immediately!

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